How to make cassava leaf silage for animal feedUpdate: 11/9/2014
Small livestock production, households are the common form in our country. The creation of local feed resources for livestock in order to save costs for farmers, increasing the efficiency and value of livestock is common experience needed for farmer.
Fresh cassava (manioc leaves) containing acid should not be cianhydric HCN for cattle eat fresh as easy poisoning. But bringing silage, cassava leaves are a favorite food and very good for cattle.
Holes can be built with cement or pits used, can also incubated in plastic bags. Holes need to make, hard to compaction feed process does not break holes, no water seepage into the silage pit spoil, and closed environment, anaerobic fermentation to be good silage .
If conditions do develop holes, each cubic meter compost pit will be approximately 500-600kg fresh cassava leaves. In the absence of a construction pit, the pit where tall brewed and prepared materials such as plastic, sacks pineapple, banana leaves ... to line and cover to avoid rain water infiltration into tumors.
For every 1,000 kg of fresh cassava leaves to prepare 0.5 to 1 kg of silage fermentation Silo Guard II, or 50 to 60 kg of rice bran (can be substituted tapioca or potato flour), salt 0.5kg. Before harvest cassava 2 3 weeks, tops and harvested cassava leaves, cut short each paragraph 3 -5 cm, then spread out to wither in a cool (not sun).
The ingredients such as cassava leaf silage fermentation Silo Guard II, rice bran, salt are predetermined ratio, are mixed up outside the silo, then loaded into the hole, spread a layer of 20cm, then use the mallet, dress ... compaction, as tightly as possible. Note the holes where the police, compacted to the original hole, use plastic or covered with banana leaves, soil used to fill up on the 30-40cm thick, tightly compacted to form a tortoise, not to make rainwater seep decay tumors.
Cassava leaves were incubated 50 to 60 days can be taken gradually as animal feed. The tumor is high quality cassava leaves brewed with pale yellow, distinct aroma of fermented products, the slightly sour, animal loves to eat. When taking food off the silo, to get back a layer, then cover tightly and incubated again. Hold tight as long as it preserved. Do not pour leftover food remaining in the digester. Cassava leaf silage can keep for 5-6 months. This is a reserve food source for cattle in dry winter, the period lacked fodder for cattle.